What is Debian?

Debian is an operating system with over 59,000 packages (precompiled software bundled into an installer file) for editing documents, writing code and administering systems as well as playing games. Each package is managed by a registered maintainer who is accountable for tracking bugs, incorporating upstream versions and communicating with authors of packaged software.


Debian Linux OS features free software and a distinctive distribution model, serving as the basis for many other distributions such as Ubuntu, Mint and Kali Linux. Debian has built up an excellent reputation for stability and security over its 25-year lifespan; flexibility, community driven development and openness remain important principles to it’s core principles; its debut was back in August 1993!

Debian operating system includes basic tools and thousands of prepackaged application software programs. It is designed to run on various computer processor types, such as 32 and 64 bit x86 processors, ARM processors, MIPS processors and PowerPC processors. Furthermore, Debian supports graphics hardware devices of various kinds – some may need additional “firmware” blobs in order to function.

Linux’ design philosophy centers on breaking complex tasks into simpler pieces that are easier to manage, enabling reassembling in new ways for increased functionality and features. This approach makes it easy for users to maximize the use of their computer – one reason so many are choosing Linux for both personal and professional computing needs.

The Linux kernel is a multitasking, Unix-like kernel designed for multiprocessor systems that utilizes minimal memory while offering maximum security. Furthermore, this kernel also provides support for SCSI disks as well as providing an open filesystem system.

Debian is an open source project run entirely by volunteer developers and offered for free download, supported by extensive documentation and tools that implement all aspects of its system. Debian also maintains numerous mailing lists to facilitate support from fellow Debian users as well as receive feedback.

Debian Linux employs the apt software utility to manage packages on computers. To install, update, or uninstall applications quickly and efficiently on the system. While its use requires familiarity with terminal commands, its operation is relatively straightforward and its privacy-focused security means your data won’t be tracked by other sources.

Basic Tools

Systems administrators in Debian environments need a few essential tools, including apt-get, aptitude and debconf. By having these programs installed they allow administrators to perform any package management task easily. Furthermore, the dpkg-devel package contains tools used by developers when creating Debian packages; although not directly usable by end-users they provide basic tools necessary for writing rules files governing Debian packages.

dselect is a program used to select specific packages for installation on a system. Users may invoke it at either a command line prompt (or, if the package was compiled with -expert options, through its help screen). As its input source it takes into account all available Debian archive packages before selecting those most useful to them and displaying them in split-screen form on screen for users to choose their package of choice (some packages even feature preinst and postinst scripts before and after unpacking while other packages feature preinst/postinst scripts run before/after installation/upgrade – all that remains is for users’ personal decision.

Information in a package’s Control file is organized into sections and fields, with its names providing an overview of what comprises its contents; field names provide more specific details on each piece of software in the package; while its Section field lists all other necessary control files needed to build and install a package from its source code.

Each package may also include a Maintainer field which provides the e-mail address of the person responsible for maintaining it. This needn’t necessarily correspond with who wrote the package itself, as the maintainer is simply someone who oversees all changes made to it and ensures they get integrated into Debian distribution mainline.

Furthermore, there are various utilities provided by dpkg-devel that may not be necessary for users, but that are used to manage and oversee the process of building and installing Debian packages. Appropriate checks installed packages on the system for bugs and policy violations; I18nspector runs checks against translation templates (POT), PO, MO catalogues for common problems; CME is part of the libconfig-model-dpkg-perl package that edits DPGK source with validation and can report errors in configuration files of your system; Licensecheck determines which copyright applies to each file passed over; Fakeroot simulates root privileges so packages can be built without root access.

Application Software

Debian provides more than the basic services you’d need from an operating system; to get real work done on your computer you need more. Debian offers an abundance of application software – its collection boasts over 59,000 packages and over 1,000 suites that enable users to do anything from playing games and writing software, running businesses or editing documents.

Debian applications are tailored to be lightweight and user-friendly, without cumbersome toolbars or ads that take up precious computing resources, like Windows does. As such, Debian makes for an ideal choice for low bandwidth use cases as it uses only fraction of computing resources needed by Windows systems. Furthermore, its open source origin makes Debian future-proof and reliable with extensive testing being conducted on its code to monitor for any flaws; plus it supports different CPU architectures like x86 and ARM compatibility providing greater flexibility across devices and types of computers than its rival, Windows systems do.

Debian provides businesses with more than just its extensive software selection; it also offers long-term support programs that extend the lifetime of its stable releases, giving businesses peace of mind that updates and bug fixes will continue to come through into the future – especially vital in high-security environments where businesses require access to the most up-to-date features available.

Debian offers developers of all stripes an ideal environment with its comprehensive hardware support, software development tools, and public bug tracker. Its vibrant developer community offers ample opportunity for collaboration. Moreover, Debian’s open development process and transparency help guarantee top quality software products.

Debian Linux is ideal for enterprise environments due to its flexibility and customization features, with an extensive software library and software package management tools for tailoring it specifically to individual requirements. Debian’s security, reliability and stability also make it an attractive option for business use cases.

Architects and Coordinators

Debian maintainers are volunteers who adhere to a set of guidelines for how software packages are assembled, which have been established through collaborative discussions on Internet mailing lists. Developers work on various tasks from bug fixes to installing the latest releases onto desktop and server systems – sometimes working together in teams dedicated solely to these areas. Debian enjoys an exceptional reputation for reliability and stability that perfectly suits enterprise environments and mission-critical applications.

The project features an extensive documentation wiki, release notes and guides in multiple languages for contributors to share tips through Linux forums – this broad community engagement allows the project to quickly identify and resolve issues quickly.

Both Debian and Arch Linux are champions of open-source software, championing transparency, user empowerment and customization with robust communities, software repositories and hardware support – though each has unique qualities which set them apart from each other.

Debian Linux is ideal for newcomers, with its user-friendly setup and operation being especially beneficial to newcomers. Debian features a straightforward configuration process with a utility which makes the settings adjustment process simpler compared to editing files directly in /etc directory. Debian has also adopted a regular release cycle which ensures thoroughly tested versions are released regularly; which suits enterprises looking for long-term deployment solutions but may lag behind popular trends in software features.

Arch Linux offers an alternative approach that has a steeper learning curve due to its DIY nature. As with all DIY systems, Arch’s DIY approach requires both an in-depth knowledge of its system and an aptitude for self-education. Arch provides more extensive documentation (wiki), guides for software installation and an AUR that offers help tools for compiling and installing source code software from source code sources.

Due to Debian’s immense size and vast contributor network, leadership transitions have taken place several times over. Debian’s constitution outlines how leadership changes will be handled going forward; additionally there are several teams which manage different parts of its codebase in order to reduce dependency on any one individual.

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