What is Debian?


Debian is one of the oldest open source Linux operating systems and remains popular with software and hardware developers due to its wide array of support for architectures and devices as well as a comprehensive bug tracker.

The stable version of an operating system is updated every two years to facilitate testing and release of security updates more rapidly.


Debian stable releases have been rigorously tested and are widely considered to be secure operating systems. Regular security updates help fix bugs or vulnerabilities that arise over time; nonetheless, no software is ever completely bug-free and all computers remain susceptible to malware attacks.

The Debian stable distribution is typically updated once weekly and distributed globally over six hours via all Debian mirrors, providing users with new versions to use globally. Each package is then individually reviewed by Debian Stable Release Managers to ensure no new bugs or issues have arisen as part of this update; this ensures high-quality stable versions suitable for production work and long term usage.

Debian Stable can be very reliable; however, it should be understood that it may not always be up-to-date with other Linux distributions and can suffer from performance or security vulnerabilities that have yet to be discovered. As a result, some people prefer Testing or Unstable distributions instead of Stable.

The Testing distribution is ideal for power users looking to run the latest versions of Debian’s most popular applications such as LibreOffice and Calligra. Installing the apt-listbugs and apt-listchanges packages will keep you aware of any major bugs or changes as they arise, such as LibreOffice updates. Testing distribution updates often, including recently with Trixie being released May 16, 2018 as the current stable release (Teddy bear was previously available and became known by this name before becoming Trixie in May 16 2018. All subsequent Debian stable releases carry names from Pixar Toy Story franchise (excepting one named Buzz Lightyear).


Testing is the Debian distribution that will become the next stable release, used as the basis of many Ubuntu derivatives such as Linux Mint. Furthermore, Debian Testing forms the backbone for Debian LTS releases which means software updates come more rapidly than on stable – including new versions of apps and languages as well as security patches being made available more quickly than expected. Unfortunately though it cannot yet offer as stable a platform as stable does nor receive security patches quite as promptly.

As new packages arrive, they are first distributed into the unstable distribution (sid) until they pass certain tests. When they have been successfully built and verified for all architectures without creating stability issues or regressions in the system, they move into testing distribution – this process is known as testing migration.

Once a package moves from sid to testing, Testing scripts will record a “got” line indicating that all tested architectures have successfully built it. They then list any dependencies which must be fixed before moving onto the next-stable branch – these dependencies can become an ongoing headache as the Test system won’t build it until all needed changes have been implemented.

Testing may still experience instability, but its chances are significantly lower than in unstable. Most issues that could cause instability will have already been fixed upstream by the time they reach Testing; also, having so many people worldwide working on Debian source code makes it less likely that such issues will make their way onto your system.


Debian is an open source operating system utilizing a Unix-like Linux kernel as well as software program components, used by businesses, schools and other organizations to run desktop computers, workstations, servers and other devices. Operating systems are free to download and use, or can be purchased for a nominal fee on CD, DVD or Blu-ray discs. They include applications and utilities to edit documents, develop programs, administer systems, connect networks, mix sound, route email messages and play games – everything needed for daily life! Debian offers an expansive selection of hardware drivers and compatibility for several computer architectures, such as x86, ARM (Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages), and PowerPC. Debian is supported by over 1,000 volunteer programmers from all around the world through GNU Project – these programmers lend Debian its name after characters from Toy Story as its swirl logo represents Buzz Lightyear’s cheekbones.

People often install beta releases of operating systems to hunt bugs and provide feedback to developers, which is an effective way of making it better before it officially releases. Other people install them to test new apps or hardware that might not work with an operating system’s stable version – these people are known as beta testers.

Anyone who wishes to test beta releases may install them on secondary PCs or run them in virtual machine mode, both of which run a simulation of your primary PC while keeping data separate and can provide an ideal way for trying out new software without risking valuable files. Before installing any beta software onto your main PC, though, be sure to back up all data beforehand as backup may become necessary – this way you don’t risk anything by having something go wrong!


Debian offers over 59,000 packages that provide an array of capabilities, from editing documents and software development, connecting to networks, mixing sound, routing email and playing games – to editing documents, developing software, mixing sound and routing email. As per Debian Free Software Guidelines all this software is freely available with its source code accessible by anyone. Universities, research institutes and commercial organizations alike utilize Debian OS; its popularity makes it one of the top Linux distributions for both desktop and server deployment.

The Debian LTS (Long Term Support) project extends the lifetime of Debian stable releases for five years on certain architectures, thanks to sponsorship by companies and individuals alike. It aims to provide stability for mission-critical applications like servers over this five year period.

LTS project’s key advantage lies in providing security updates for three interim releases prior to making its final one, giving developers time to test new software upgrades without breaking existing releases – an invaluable service for those relying on servers who cannot afford downtime during testing of upgrades.

Although LTS may not have as many packages available as its stable release counterpart, it remains an excellent choice for servers requiring maximum stability. Furthermore, its five-year support cycle means you can stay with an LTS version without fear of attacks from security holes introduced into new versions.

Debian Linux is one of the most widely adopted open source operating systems, powering over 40% of web servers worldwide. With an emphasis on usability and an extensive selection of software packages available for installation, Debian’s popularity is well-deserved. Furthermore, its development process is well-defined, while one of its largest contributor communities provides invaluable help and resources.

Cloud images

Debian cloud images are based on the same distribution as CD and DVD images, but are updated more often. You can download them from either of Debian’s mirrors or directly through EC2 dashboard. When deploying them on public clouds, make sure an IAM policy ensures only authorized users can access them.

Cloud images feature modified configurations that exclude features that are unneeded in cloud environments, such as disabling hardware drivers, ABI support and microcode updates or machine check exceptions. These modifications allow your application to run in an efficient, low-cost and performant environment.

Image Builder allows you to easily create customized QCOW2 images for OpenStack cloud deployment and instance starting. Each custom image must meet Alibaba’s specifications; image_check will help verify whether or not they comply.

If you are using an Ubuntu Cloud Image, the image_check tool can also help verify whether or not your QCOW2 image complies with its format. Specifically, this tool compares your image against all existing Ubuntu Cloud Images stored in its database for comparison purposes.

If you want to create an instance from an image uploaded to Amazon Web Services, navigate to Service-EC2 on the menu and select an image file. After this step is completed, choose an instance size before reviewing and launching it. Before running any instance you will also require an IAM key pair attached; either an existing key pair may be used or you can create new one as necessary.

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